Publicado em 07/09/2011 14:30

12 historical tours that you must do when visiting Brazil

Today brazilians are celebrating the independency of Portugal. Do you are a lover of historical sites? Do you wanna know the best sites to visit and learn a little bit more about Brazil's history? You don't need to loose more time searching the web for that! Check out right now the top historical sites to visit in my country!

In the Western world, there were three major battles truly historical. The Republic, the liberation of slaves, Independence. Not necessarily in the same order in all countries. The Independence of Brazil is one of the most important historical facts of our country, it marks the end of Portuguese rule and the conquest of political autonomy.

We conducted a survey to share with you the main historical tourist places you should visit on your next stay in Brazil. They are places scattered all over the country telling the story of struggle and liberation of this people. Today, September 7, 2011, commemorating 189 years since the day that echoed the scream of freedom on the banks of the Ipiranga River. In commemoration of that important date, check our list with 12 most amazing places you should not forget to visit if you want to know more about Brazilian history.

São Paulo (SP) - Museu do Ipiranga

Museu Paulista of USP, or Ipiranga
Museu Paulista of USP, or Ipiranga

The Museu Paulista of USP, or Ipiranga, was conceived a few months after the proclamation of independence on September 7, 1822, in order to be a building-monument to celebrate the date. However, the project was only realized 68 years after the Proclamation. Its collection includes more than 125 000 pieces, including objects, iconography, and archival documents. The gardens surrounding the building are an attraction in itself. Designed by Belgian Arsenius Puttemans reproduce landscape designs inspired by French baroque gardens, like those of Versailles.

Santos (SP) - Museu do Café e Bolsa do Café

Coffe Museum in Santos - São Paulo
Coffe Museum in Santos - São Paulo

The building was inaugurated in 1922 at the height of the coffee economy. After the Missile Crisis of 1929, the federal interference in the coffee trade nullified the importance of the exchange, which was eventually closed in 1937. Tumbled in 1981, the building was reopened in 1998 after restoration work. Today you can visit the old trading room, with paintings by Benedicto Calixto and windows in the house Conrad, that is a permanent exhibition on the history of coffee in Brazil. The cafeteria of the museum is a must for anyone who wants to taste different types of coffee produced in the country.

Salvador (BA) - Forte São Marcelo

São Marcelo Fort - Salvador de Bahia
São Marcelo Fort - Salvador de Bahia

The cylinder-shaped structure was begun in 1650 and works only ended in 1728. The strong guard on the Portuguese navigations documents, texts, paintings and drawings on Salvador's history of 16 centuries, 17, 18 and 19. Ali was imprisoned (until escape) the military Bento Gonçalves, head of the War of Tatters (1835-1845), among men who challenged imperial power. At the top of the wall, the visitor has a magnificent view of the city of Salvador and the sea.

Rio de Janeiro (RJ) - Paço Imperial

Rio de Janeiro (RJ) - Paço Imperial
Rio de Janeiro (RJ) - Paço Imperial

The history of the Imperial Palace in Brazil has one of its main stages of performance. Located at Praça XV, this colonial building line has been little flashy palace of the Viceroys of Portugal, royal residence, seat of royal government and headquarters of the Department of Posts and Telegraphs. The Convento do Carmo, where lived the mother of D. John d. Mary I, and the alleys that open from the Arco do Teles are neighbors of the Palace and deserve to be part of the tour.

Porto Velho (RO) - Palácio Getúlio Vargas

Getúlio Vargas Palace - Porto Velho (RO)
Getúlio Vargas Palace - Porto Velho (RO)

Built in 1949, this building is a tribute to former President Getulio Vargas, responsible for creating the Federal Territory of Guaporé current state of Rondonia. Located in the plaza of the same name, where a source and Mark Centennial of the Independence of Brazil, the palace is the seat of state government. It is not allowed to enter the public inside.

Porto Seguro (BA) - Memorial do Descobrimento

Discovery Memorial - Porto Seguro (BA)
Discovery Memorial - Porto Seguro (BA)

Almost everything in Porto Seguro is sent to the history of Brazil and the connection with Portugal and the country's indigenous peoples. Names of streets, squares and monuments recall the historical passages at any moment. One of the places that best portrays this reality is the Upper City, where there are located the historical buildings. In the photo, the flagship replica brought by Cabral Memorial in the Discovery in Porto Seguro. On site, there is also a replica of the room that was used for Pedro Alvares Cabral in the time he discover Brazil.

Petrópolis (RJ) - Museu Imperial

Museu Imperial in Petrópolis - Rio de Janeiro
Museu Imperial in Petrópolis - Rio de Janeiro

The museum occupies the summer palace of King Pedro II and his family. Built in neoclassical style, exposes how the treasures of gold pen that signed the Golden Law and crowns of the royal family. The city, founded by Dom Pedro II in the mid-19th century, is housed some of the key events and characters of Brazilian history.

Natal (RN) - Forte dos Reis Magos

Forte dos Reis Magos in Natal - Rio Grande do Norte
Forte dos Reis Magos in Natal - Rio Grande do Norte

This is the main attraction of Natal story, the scene of battles in colonial Brazil. In the form of five-pointed star, the fortress began to be erected on January 6, 1598. In the 17th century, the Portuguese soldiers died before the invasion of the Dutch, who were expelled in 1654. Rooms contain panels on Indian tribes, the royal family and hereditary captaincy. Upstairs, the cannons pointing to a spectacular view of Christmas, bathed in green and blue waters

Maceió (AL) - Memorial à República

Republic Memorial - Maceió - Alagoas
Republic Memorial - Maceió - Alagoas

In the wide terrace, facing the sea there are all the flags of Brazilian states, including statues Deodoro da Fonseca and Floriano Peixoto, the two first Brazil's presidents.

Island of Itamaracá (PE) - Orange Fort

Itamaracá in the state of Pernambuco - Island Itamaracá
Itamaracá in the state of Pernambuco - Island Itamaracá

Built by the Dutch in the 17th century at the entrance of the Santa Cruz Channel, the fort got its name in honor of Orange-Nassau, a relative of Maurice of Nassau, who ruled the Dutch colony in northeastern Brazil, with its capital in Recife, 1637 to 1644. The fort was abandoned and occupied by the Portuguese after the Dutch surrender in 1938 and only that is was listed as historic site. Besides the construction, made in rammed earth, a few cannons on top of the fort is a nice place that serves as a lookout point for tourists

Florianópolis (SC) - Fortaleza de Santa Cruz de Anhatomirim

Santa Cruz de Anhatomirim Fortress
Santa Cruz de Anhatomirim Fortress

On the island of Anhatomirim, is the largest structure of the old defensive system of Santa Catarina, with various types of homes, houses, barracks and walls in the midst of trees and expansive lawns. Built by slaves in the 18th century, came to hold 60 guns. It is famous for being the site of the massacre of dozens of opponents of the Federalist Revolution, when Floriano Peixoto was president of Brazil.

Brasília (DF) - Memorial JK

JK Memorial at Brazil's capital
JK Memorial at Brazil's capital

The space is dedicated to the history of the "founder" of the federal capital, as shown miner Juscelino Kubitschek. Opened in 1981, the memorial with its collection of personal objects, documents, letters, hundreds of books, videos and photos of the honored. There are also works of art by Candido Portinari, Athos Bulcão and Marianne Peretti. On the second floor, the tomb of JK, black marble, is lit by color games.


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